All grades of avgas that meet CAN 2-3, 25-M82 have a density of 6.01 lb/U.S. gal at 15 °C, or 0.721 kg/l. (6 lb/U.S. gal is commonly used for weight and balance computation.) Density increases to 6.41 lb/US gallon, or 0.769 kg/l, at -40 °C, and decreases by about 0.1% per 1 °C (1.8 °F) increase in temperature.
Also, how much is a gallon of kerosene?
Fuel Cost. The standard cost of kerosene is $2.25 per gallon. Propane costs $3.00 per gallon. When determining how much it costs to produce one million BTUs from either fuel source, kerosene has an enormous advantage, costing just $16.65.
How much does a gallon of motor oil weigh?
It heavily depends on which oil you are asking about. If it crude oil then the number is 7.2 lbs/gal +/- .2 or so according to it's API and contaminants.
As of Monday afternoon, Jet-A is selling to corporate jets for an average of $5.21 per gallon. (Fuel is usually more expensive on the coasts and cheaper in the Midwest.) Because the cost of Jet-A closely tracks the price of a barrel of oil, fuel costs for private jets have quadrupled since 2000.
JP-5 is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, containing alkanes, naphthenes, and aromatic hydrocarbons that weighs 6.8 pounds per U.S. gallon (0.81 kg/l) and has a high flash point (min. 60 °C or 140 °F).
When used in a motor vehicle this fuel will leave a lot of lead deposits in the motor. 100LL has a high lead content (0.5 grams per litre), even higher than leaded race fuels. AvGas is blended for large-bore, long-stroke, low RPM engines which run at high altitude.
1 Gallon of Olive Oil weighs 7.6 Lbs or 3.45 Kg on average (depending on temperature). In the U.S., professionals in the olive oil business often refer to bottle size the same way the Europeans do, using metric numbers, with the exception of gallons.
A: The Boeing 737-800 is an example of an average sized airplane. It has a maximum takeoff weight of about 80,000 kg (175,000 lbs). This includes the weight of the plane, which is about 41,000 kg (90,000 lbs), and the weight of the fuel which is about 18,000 kg (40,000 lbs).
115/145 Avgas is like Formula-1 racing fuel. There are a number of other jet fuels, such as JP1, JP2, etc, but these are fairly rare, since they are usually used for military turbines. 100LL is fuel for piston engines and is formulated much like car gas, with some chemical differences and a higher octane (100).
The problem is that Lead Oxide is a solid up to about 900 deg C which is well within the wall temperatures inside a piston engine. In order to prevent these deposits from forming, a Lead scavenging compound is added to Avgas 100LL - this compound is Ethylene Dibromide.
The US gallon, which is equal to approximately 3.785 L, is legally defined as 231 cubic inches. A US liquid gallon of water weighs about 8.34 pounds or 3.78 kilograms at 62 °F (17 °C), making it about 16.6% lighter than the imperial gallon.
Avgas grades are defined primarily by their octane rating. Two ratings are applied to aviation gasolines (the lean mixture rating and the rich mixture rating) which results in a multiple numbering system e.g. Avgas 100/130 (in this case the lean mixture performance rating is 100 and the rich mixture rating is 130).
*Jet fuel is a clear to straw-colored fuel, based on either an unleaded kerosene (Jet A-1), or a naphtha-kerosene blend (Jet B). It is similar to diesel fuel, and can be used in either compression ignition engines or turbine engines.
MoGas is motor vehicle gas or gasoline. General Aviation aircraft owners sometimes use MoGas instead of AvGas to save money. MoGas generally is cheaper than AvGas. Aircraft engine manufacturers are already addressing the issue by making duel fuel engines.
Jet fuel is a clear to straw-colored fuel, based on either an unleaded kerosene (Jet A-1), or a naphtha-kerosene blend (Jet B). Similar to diesel fuel, it can be used in either compression ignition engines or turbine engines.
MOGAS is commercial gasoline identical to that supplied to gas stations for automobile use. The USCG, MSC, Air Force, and Army have no vessels with fixed MOGAS storage. Most vehicles and equipment are brought aboard fully loaded with fuel, and additional MOGAS is carried in portable drums or containers.
AVIATION FUEL COLORS
|AVgas 100/130||Green||Most light piston engine aircraft|
|AVgas 100LL||Blue||Most light piston engine aircraft|
|AVgas 82 UL||Purple||Most light piston engine aircraft|
|JET A/A1||Straw or clear||Turbine/ Diesel aircraft|
|Fuel||Flash point||Autoignition temperature|
|Gasoline (petrol)||−43 °C (−45 °F)||280 °C (536 °F)|
|Diesel (2-D)||>52 °C (126 °F)||256 °C (493 °F)|
|Jet fuel (A/A-1)||>38 °C (100 °F)||210 °C (410 °F)|
|Kerosene||>38–72 °C (100–162 °F)||220 °C (428 °F)|
It is possible for a fuel to have a Research Octane Number (RON) more than 100, because iso-octane is not the most knock-resistant substance available. Racing fuels, avgas, LPG and alcohol fuels such as methanol may have octane ratings of 110 or significantly higher.
Gasoline weighs 6.15 pounds per gallon at 60 degrees F but can vary from 5.8 to 6.5 depending on the temperature. Motor oil weighs 6.8 pounds per gallon. For practical purposes, I just figure 2 gallons (8 quarts) in the BOW (basic operating weight ) of the airplane.