18th November 2019

synchrotron
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What is the synchrotron and what does it do?

A synchrotron is a large machine (about the size of a football field) that accelerates electrons to almost the speed of light. As the electrons are deflected through magnetic fields they create extremely bright light. The light is channelled down beamlines to experimental workstations where it is used for research.

Similarly one may ask, what does a synchrotron create?

A synchrotron is an extremely powerful source of X-rays. The X-rays are produced by high energy electrons as they circulate around the synchrotron. A synchrotron machine exists to accelerate electrons to extremely high energy and then make them change direction periodically.

Is a synchrotron a particle accelerator?

A synchrotron is a particular type of cyclic particle accelerator, descended from the cyclotron, in which the accelerating particle beam travels around a fixed closed-loop path. The most powerful modern particle accelerators use versions of the synchrotron design.

How the synchrotron radiation can be generated?

Synchrotron radiation is electromagnetic energy emitted by charged particles (e.g., electrons and ions) that are moving at speeds close to that of light when their paths are altered, as by a magnetic field.