Important discoveries in the fields of electroencephalography were made during the 1920s and 1930s. In 1929, Berger (1873–1941), a German neurologist, reported his findings on human brain waves , five years after his initial recording of the first human electroencephalogram.
Herein, where did the word epilepsy come from?
1570s, from Middle French epilepsie (16c.), from Late Latin epilepsia, from Greek epilepsia "seizure," from epi "upon" (see epi-) + lepsis "seizure," from leps-, future stem of lambanein "take hold of, grasp" (see analemma).
Can you suddenly develop epilepsy?
Epilepsy is the most common serious brain (neurological) condition. You can have one seizure but not have epilepsy. However, if you develop epilepsy in later life, there is more likely to be a physical cause. For example, you can develop epilepsy after a stroke.
Epilepsy carries a risk of premature mortality, but little is known about life expectancy in people with the condition. Reduction in life expectancy can be up to 2 years for people with a diagnosis of idiopathic/cryptogenic epilepsy, and the reduction can be up to 10 years in people with symptomatic epilepsy.
Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder in the United States after migraine, stroke, and Alzheimer's disease. About one percent of Americans have some form of epilepsy, and nearly four percent (1 in 26) will develop epilepsy at some point in their lives.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 2.3 million American adults have epilepsy. More than 467,000 children have been diagnosed with the central nervous system disorder. Additionally, almost 150,000 people in the U.S. develop epilepsy every year.
seizure triggers. Triggers are situations that can bring on a seizure in some people with epilepsy. Some people's seizures are brought on by certain situations. Triggers can differ from person to person, but common triggers include tiredness and lack of sleep, stress, alcohol, and not taking medication.
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain that affects people of all ages. Approximately 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, making it one of the most common neurological diseases globally. Nearly 80% of the people with epilepsy live in low- and middle-income countries.
Here are some tips that may help reduce your risk of having an epilepsy seizure:
- Get plenty of sleep each night — set a regular sleep schedule, and stick to it.
- Learn stress management and relaxation techniques.
- Avoid drugs and alcohol.
- Take all of your medications as prescribed by your doctor.
There are about a dozen types of epilepsy, and the type you have plays a role in which kind of seizure you may have. There are two main types of seizures: Focal seizures: These start in a particular part of your brain, and their names are based on the part where they happen.
There are six types of generalized seizures. The most common and dramatic, and therefore the most well known, is the generalized convulsion, also called the grand-mal seizure. In this type of seizure, the patient loses consciousness and usually collapses.
There are three broad categories of seizure causes: Epileptic seizures – People with epilepsy have a type of brain dysfunction that intermittently causes episodes of abnormal electrical activity. This can be caused by any type of brain injury, such as trauma, stroke, brain infection, or a brain tumor.
While many forms of epilepsy require lifelong treatment to control the seizures, for some people the seizures eventually go away. The odds of becoming seizure-free are not as good for adults or for children with severe epilepsy syndromes, but it is possible that seizures may decrease or even stop over time.
These cases often result from tumors, trauma or other problems that affect the brain and may by themselves be life-threatening. Most seizures do not require emergency medical treatment. However, someone with a seizure that lasts more than five minutes may be in status epilepticus.
As for external factors, On the Sacred Disease finds that particular diseases correlate with specific climatic conditions. caused by such 'divine' factors as the winds, the cold, and the sun. Hippocrates thus holds that epilepsy is curable only if one knows how to counteract these factors.
The Central Nervous System. Naturally, this is one of the body systems greatly affected by epilepsy. The brain is a part of this system and it controls your body's voluntary and involuntary movements. Seizures are caused when abnormal electrical signals in the brain interrupt the brain's normal functioning.
Epilepsy is one of the most common conditions affecting the brain. When counting both children and adults in the United States: About 5.1 million people in the United States have a history of epilepsy.
The majority of epileptic seizures are controlled through drug therapy, particularly anticonvulsant drugs. The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors including the frequency and severity of the seizures as well as the person's age, overall health, and medical history.
When this happens to someone with epilepsy it may be called Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (or SUDEP). SUDEP is when a person with epilepsy dies suddenly and where no other cause of death is found. It may be that they died during or after a seizure. In the UK around 600 people die from SUDEP each year.
Most absence seizures are less than 15 seconds long. It's rare for an absence seizure to last longer than 15 seconds. They can happen suddenly without any warning signs.
For some, epilepsy is controlled by medications. For others though, uncontrolled seizures wreak havoc on all aspects of life, including the ability to work and earn a living. If you suffer from uncontrolled seizures, you may be able to qualify for disability benefits from the Social Security Administration (SSA).