Modern Standard Arabic
What language do they speak in Jerusalem?
Hebrew is the official language of Israel and is spoken throughout the city of Jerusalem. Arabic is also spoken in the Arabic quarter of the city, and Armenian in the Armenian quarter. Yiddish is also spoken in some of the Haredi neighbourhoods. Mostly Hebrew, though a lot of Arabs there speak only Arabic.
Traditional Jewish exegesis such as Midrash (Genesis Rabbah 38) says that Adam spoke Hebrew because the names he gives Eve – Isha (Book of Genesis 2:23) and Chava (Genesis 3:20) – only make sense in Hebrew.
However, Aramaic remains a spoken, literary, and liturgical language for local Christians and also some Jews. Aramaic also continues to be spoken by the Assyrians of Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and northwest Iran, with diaspora communities in Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and southern Russia.
Aramaic and Hebrew are from the same family; the former's script likely informed both written Hebrew and Arabic. Like most languages, Aramaic spread through centuries of conquest, spurred by the invasions of the Assyrian and later Persian empires.
Modern Hebrew is the primary official language of the State of Israel. As of 2013, there are about 9 million Hebrew speakers worldwide, of whom 7 million speak it fluently. Currently, 90% of Israeli Jews are proficient in Hebrew, and 70% are highly proficient.
Read on to find out where these speakers come from – the results might surprise you.
- #1 United States. United States of America is the world's largest English-speaking country.
- #2 India.
- #3 Pakistan.
- #4 Philippines.
- #5 Nigeria.
- #5 United Kingdom.
- Countries with the Highest English Proficiency.
- #1 Netherlands.
The religious affiliation of the Israeli population as of 2016 was 74.7% Jewish, 17.7% Muslim, 2.0% Christian, and 1.6% Druze, with the remaining 4.1% including both minor faiths such as Samaritanism and Baha'iism, and irreligious people with no faith. Israel does not have a constitution.
Biblical Aramaic is the form of Aramaic that is used in the books of Daniel, Ezra and a few other places in the Hebrew Bible. It should not be confused with the Aramaic paraphrases, explanations and expansions of the Jewish scriptures, which are known as targumim.
Hebrew and Arabic are different languages, so even though there are many similarities, there are also many differences. Arabic letters are written in cursive, Hebrew letters can't be joined. Modern Hebrew is influenced by the Romance, Slavic and Germanic languages.
Egyptian was spoken until the late 17th century AD in the form of Coptic. The national language of modern-day Egypt is Egyptian Arabic, which gradually replaced Coptic as the language of daily life in the centuries after the Muslim conquest of Egypt. Coptic is still used as the liturgical language of the Coptic Church.
By "Hebrew" Papias would have meant Aramaic, the common language of the Middle East beside koine Greek On the surface this implies that Matthew was originally written in Hebrew (Aramaic), but Matthew's Greek "reveals none of the telltale marks of a translation."
Aramaic even became the common language spoken in Israel in Jesus' time, and it was likely the language He spoke day by day. Some Aramaic words were even used by the Gospel writers in the New Testament. The New Testament, however, was written in Greek.
According to Wikipedia, the Akkadian dialect spoken in Abraham's time frame would have been Old Babylonian/Old Assyrian, with "Old Babylonian" being the same as "Sumerian." So it's a Sumerian/Old Assyrian mix, but the language is actually called Akkadian, and that is what would have been spoken in Ur.
Today Hebrew is spoken by some 5 million people mainly in Israel, where it is an official language along with Arabic. and a further 2 million people speak the language in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Panama, the UK and USA.
Aramaic language, Semitic language of the Northern Central, or Northwestern, group that was originally spoken by the ancient Middle Eastern people known as Aramaeans. It was most closely related to Hebrew, Syriac, and Phoenician and was written in a script derived from the Phoenician alphabet.